New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish situated along the Mississippi River in the southeastern area of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 391,006 in 2018, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. Serving as a major port, New Orleans is regarded as an financial and commercial hub for the broader Gulf Coast area of the United States.
New Orleans is globe-renowned for its distinct music, Creole cuisine, unique dialect, new orleans escorts and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras. The historic heart of the city is the French Quarter, recognized for its French and Spanish Creole architecture and vibrant nightlife along Bourbon Street. The city has been described as the “most unique” in the United States, owing in large element to its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage. Founded in 1718 by French colonists, New Orleans was after the territorial capital of French Louisiana prior to getting traded to the United States in the Louisiana Acquire of 1803. New Orleans in 1840 was the third-most populous city in the United States, and it was the biggest city in the American South from the Antebellum era until finally right after Globe War II. The city’s spot and flat elevation have historically produced it extremely vulnerable to flooding. State and federal authorities have installed a complicated program of levees and drainage pumps in an energy to protect the city.
New Orleans was severely impacted by Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, which resulted in flooding much more than 80% of the city, 1000’s of deaths, and so much displacement simply because of damaged communities and misplaced housing as to cause a population decline of more than 50%. Since Katrina, major redevelopment efforts have led to a rebound in the city’s population. Issues about gentrification, new residents getting house in formerly closely knit communities, and displacement of longtime residents have been expressed.
The city and Orleans Parish (French: paroisse d’Orléans) are coterminous. As of 2017, Orleans Parish is the third most-populous parish in Louisiana, behind East Baton Rouge Parish and neighboring Jefferson Parish. The city and parish are bounded by St. Tammany Parish and Lake Pontchartrain to the north, St. Bernard Parish and Lake Borgne to the east, Plaquemines Parish to the south, and Jefferson Parish to the south and west.