Los Angeles lies in a bowl in Southern California, adjoining the Pacific Ocean, with mountains as substantial as ten,000 feet (3,000 m), and deserts. The city, which covers about 469 square miles (one,210 km2), is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most crowded district in the United States. The Los Angeles metropolitan zone (MSA) is residence to 13.one million men and women, generating it the 2ndlargest metropolitan zone in the nation after New York. Higher Los Angeles incorporates metro Los Angeles just as the Inland Empire and Ventura County. It is the 2nd most crowded U.S. joined measurable zone, likewise after New York, with a 2015 gauge of 18.7 million men and women. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles escorts had been assured by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542. The city was established on September four, 1781, by Spanish representative Felipe de Neve. It turned into a piece of Mexico in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, toward the finish of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the remainder of California had been bought as a feature of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and in this method turned out to be a piece of the United States. Los Angeles was consolidated as a region on April four, 1850, five months before California completed statehood. The revelation of oil during the 1890s carried fast growth to the city. The city was additionally extended with the finishing of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, which conveys water from Eastern California. Los Angeles has an assorted economic system and hosts organizations in a broad scope of professional and social fields. It likewise has the busiest compartment port in the total Americas. A worldwide city, it has been positioned sixth in the International Cities Index and ninth in the International Financial Energy Index. The Los Angeles metropolitan region likewise has a gross metropolitan consequence of $one. trillion (commencing at 2017), generating it the third-largest city by GDP on the planet, after the Tokyo and New York City metropolitan territories. Los Angeles facilitated the 1932 and 1984 Summer season Olympics and will have the 2028 Summer season Olympics.